Sometimes further evaluation of a GYN issue is necessary, so your doctor may recommend that you have a procedure or surgery. The following are common gynecologic procedures and surgeries performed:
Blood transfusion is the transfer of whole blood or a component–such as plasma, platelets, red blood cells, or clotting factors–from one person to another. Blood donation only takes about 15 minutes and can benefit victims of accidents, natural disasters, and serious illness.
Bone Mineral Densitometry
Bone mineral densitometry (BMD) determines the amount of bone and over time can track loss (and the risk of developing osteoporosis) by measuring radiation absorption by the skeleton.
A cervical biopsy is a diagnostic procedure used to evaluate abnormal cervical tissue found during a Pap smear.
Colonoscopy is used to evaluate blood in stool, abdominal pain, persistent diarrhea, or abnormalities found during x-rays. It is also used to determine the type and extent of inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, it is used to screen for colon cancer.
Cryosurgery of Cervix
Cryosurgery is a freezing technique using nitrous oxide (liquid nitrogen) to destroy abnormal tissue. The procedure is usually performed in the office and requires no anesthesia.
Culdocentesis is a procedure used to determine if an ectopic pregnancy or ovarian cyst has ruptured. This test determines whether there is internal bleeding in the lower abdomen that is not visible vaginally.
A cystometric study evaluates bladder function and can confirm whether a bladder muscle or bladder nerve problem exists.
Cystoscopy is designed to diagnose and evaluate urinary tract injuries, and to provide guidance before and during surgical procedures.
Endometrial ablation is a procedure in which the uterine lining is destroyed either with a laser electrosurgery, or another method.
Endometrial biopsy is a diagnostic test performed in a doctor’s office. The test is used to acquire a small tissue sample of the endometrium (lining of the uterus) for further examination.
Hysterectomy is the most common non-pregnancy related major surgery performed on women in the United States. Approximately 600,000 women undergo this procedure every year. Hysterectomy refers to surgical removal of the uterus. Frequently, the ovaries are removed at the same time. Hysterectomy is widely accepted both by medical professionals and the public as appropriate treatment for uterine cancer and for various common non-cancerous uterine conditions that can produce disabling symptoms of pain, discomfort, uterine bleeding, emotional distress, and related complaints. Yet, while hysterectomy can alleviate uterine problems, less invasive treatments are available for some conditions.